How to methodology dissertation
In this section of your methodology chapter, you will also have to explain how you arrived at your findings and how they are reliable. You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data. You will have a particular focus — a ‘case’ that you are looking at. If your research starts with a theory and is driven by hypotheses that you are testing e.
This aspect is particularly important when adopting a novel or non-standard methodology. An intensive read of such books can help you to devise your research philosophy and choose the appropriate methods. A time-frame for all this. For instance, if a researcher wants to determine whether the introduction of a traffic sign makes any difference to the number of cars slowing down at a dangerous curve, she or he could sit near the curve and count the number of cars that do and do not slow down.
The moderator tries to provide a relatively free rein to the discussion. Often people link deductive research with quantitative experiments or surveys, and inductive research with qualitative interviews or ethnographic work. The attraction of this kind of dissertation is that it stems from empirical curiosity but is at the same time practical. Download Case Study 6 Media research If you are interested, for example, in doing historical research, you may need to visit archives.
Dissertations can be based on either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. However, it is vitally important to provide academic justifications to all choices made by the researcher. The researcher participates directly in the setting and collects data in a systematic manner.
How you will access these sources of information be they people, existing datasets, biographical accounts, media articles or websites, official records.
Todd, Smith and Bannister , p With other essays you can rush them if you have to Did this article help you learn how to write dissertation methodology and how to structure dissertation methodology?
Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour. Justification It is absolutely essential that you provide sound reasons for the methods your have chosen to conduct your research.
For any piece of research you conduct, be it empirically based quantitative or qualitative or library based, its methods must be justified. It will be better to go back to the drawing board now, than once the project is underway.
Research must be conducted in a sensible and ethical manner; data must be analysed and presented in a rational manner. Further Reading BRYMAN, A. Clearly specify the research questions that the research aims to address hypotheses. Limitations in data sampling did your research study used data that was collected from only one country? Good dissertation writers will always acknowledge the limitations of their research study.
A key part of your dissertation or thesis is the methodology. This is especially true for students who are required to submit their methodology chapter before carrying out the research. The issues, and steps taken to alleviate such issues are discussed below: If you do this, it is important to review the literature from an explicit angle and identify some themes to make the review distinctive.
A qualitative approach will probably mean conducting interviews or focus groups or observing behaviour. There is also a secondary limitation with regards to the experience of those staff that participate in the interviews.
The topic or issue you are interested in. You and your supervisor will discuss your design and decide whether the research is ‘do-able’. Where do I find existing research data? Once you have decided upon your approach, you can write out a research design, i.
This has the following advantages: The pattern matching procedure, as postulated by Saunders et al, , would be utilized in this deductive analysis. How viable is it? Self-completion questionnaires are good for collecting data on relatively simple topics, and for gaining a general overview of an issue.
Here, the focus of attention is not so much to discover something about the social world, for example virtual communities, as to reach a judgement about the value of key concepts or theories in understanding that world. You should be clear throughout about the strengths and weaknesses of your chosen approach and how you plan to address them.
Such books will help you to identify your broad research philosophy, and then choose methods which relate to that. While all dissertations will include a literature review, it is possible to produce a dissertation that is entirely based on a review of the literature.
Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement. Your research focus and research question. It allows the researcher to explore areas of interest without having to go through the process of collecting data themselves in the field. Your supervisor or a dissertation research assistant can play a key role to help you write the Methodology chapter to a First Class standard. Documentary Analysis Documentary analysis involves obtaining data from existing documents without having to question people through interview, questionnaires or observe their behaviour.
Typically, you would want to decide whether you are going to adopt the positivist approach; defining your hypothesis and testing it against reality. Can my dissertation be entirely literature-based?
In general, deductive research is theory-testing and inductive research is theory-generating. Any limitations or weaknesses of your chosen research approach should also be explained as well as the methods to overcome them. Therefore, in order to alleviate these issues, the questionnaire and interviews would be designed in such a way that it does not offend, harm, provoke or stress any of the participants in any way. Questionnaires can be used to collect both quantitative and qualitative data, although you will not be able to get the level of detail in qualitative responses to a questionnaire that you could in an interview.
Examples of large datasets include the British Crime Survey, and the Youth Cohort Study. Here the focus of attention is on a particular community, organisation or set of documents. If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based.
Researching society and culture. Increasingly, documents, databases and archives are readily accessible online. All the answers are here. In short, you will need to make sure that the data you are going to collect relates to the topic you are exploring. This is especially true for human subjects. Again, it should have a clear academic justification of all the choices that you made and be linked back to the literature. You need to show in the final dissertation how you have given consideration to different methods, and why you have chosen and eliminated these.
All you have to do us just inform us about your needs and have a rest until the work is done! The ability to manage your time will be directly related to your ability to control the boundaries of the study — especially if it is closely linked to your workplace. Main sources of qualitative data are interviews, focus groups, observations and secondary data as well diaries, blogs, emails, postcards, etc.
Secondary analysis is when you analyse data which was collected by another researcher. The choice of the philosophy will depend on many factors including your academic subjective, and the type and complexity of research study. Tags Introduction Methodology is perhaps the most challenging and laborious part of research work. Think about the different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. This is the point at which to set out your chosen research methods, including their theoretical basis, and the literature supporting them.
Make sure that you identify where your proposal needs further work and, at the same time, where you will have to put your maximum effort. They have expertise on every subject, from laws to chemistry, and we’ll match you with someone specialised in your subject area. However, a theoretical study brings its own challenges, and you may be called upon to compare theories in terms of their applicability. The impact of sample size upon statistical significance of your results is an issue of such importance that you should be mindful of this when designing and writing up your methodology.
Your university may require you to produce a report e. London, Sage Here are some references for specific methods: This was particularly useful for one of our respondents: Reproducibility The ability to reproduce the results of an experiment is a hallmark of proper scientific method; in the humanities also, reproducibility indicates greater credibility and usefulness.
In the instance whereby different respondents had something to say about a particular issue, all their opinions were recorded and taking into consideration in the analysis of findings. How useful is the concept of institutional racism? Explain how the collected data will help to address the research problem and discuss the methods your research will employ to collect the data.
Will you send out survey forms and hope that people return them? Because the data will be numbers of cars, this is an example of quantitative observation. London, Sage DALE, A.