How to do literature review in research paper
Or the review might focus on the fundraising impact of the Internet on a particular political party. The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e.
Some professors may require that you evaluate the sources and conclude which pieces add the greatest contribution to the field. A Multimodal and Cultural Approach. You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later.
For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East? Writing the review Galvan, A literature review often plays a role in future research papers written by other academics.
If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. The next stage is to use the internet, and this is where the difficulties start. However, use quotes sparingly. Writing the conclusion In the conclusion, you should: When writing your review, keep in mind these issues.
Note however that more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. Data evaluation — determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. You can also review the indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research. It may be a little extra work for them, but there will be even more work if they have to tear apart a review because it is built upon shaky evidence.
Group the articles into categories e. What if the assumed theories are wrong? Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration free 30 trial download , a data base program e. If you are dealing with varying opinions by era or changing trends over time, chronological organization may make the most sense.
Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. SAGE, ; Ridley, Diana. The only difference here between a “chronological” and a “thematic” approach is what is emphasized the most: This highly depends on your thesis statement and what sources you have chosen.
It’s best to have someone else go over your work, too. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work.
Part 3 Revising Your Work 1 Review the guidelines. Narrow down your assignment as much as possible while still satisfying the topic to make your review easier to manage. Problem formulation — which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues? This is why it is still good practice to begin research in an academic library.
Don’t make it overly esoteric. University of North Carolina; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J. Definitions of key terms and concepts. You should be considering what themes and ideas connect your sources together.
If you are employing a thesis statement, place it toward the end of your introductory paragraph. This is the most common form of review in the social sciences. Writing Tip Break Out of Your Disciplinary Box! Your intro should give a quick idea of the topic of your review, be it thematically or by organizational pattern. Importance of a Good Literature Review A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories.
In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the primary studies. Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: For example, you may want to explore the progression of thoughts in various pieces of literature over time, or inform your reader how local or temporal influences may have affected the writing of the literature you are reviewing.
This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study.